In general, under an ACA plan, contraceptive methods that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have to be provided without cost-sharing; FDA-approved contraceptive methods include items like oral contraceptives (i.e., the pill) and intrauterine devices (IUDs). However, health plans can impose cost-sharing on items and services within the contraceptive method to encourage the use of other items or services, as long as there is one item or services within the contraceptive method provided without cost-sharing. For example, an insurer can impose cost-sharing on a brand-name birth control pill so long as enrollees can obtain the generic alternative without cost-sharing. Note that an insurer can impose a separate cost-sharing limit for prescription drugs versus medical services, but the total combined limit cannot exceed $8,700 for self-only coverage and $17,400 for family coverage in 2022.
If you are enrolled in a grandfathered plan, it does not have to provide coverage of contraceptives without cost sharing, though it may decide to provide coverage of select forms. There are other forms of coverage do not have to comply with the Affordable Care Act’s requirements, including short-term limited duration insurance, association health plans, and Health Care Sharing Ministries. See the Resources tab for more information on how the Affordable Care Act's insurance rules apply to different plans. (45 C.F.R. § 147.130; CMS, FAQs about ACA Implementation – Part 26; 85 FR 29164, May 14, 2020).